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The definitive guide to motorcycle helmet fitting

Published on: 07 August 2020


This week, the chap in the cap tackles one of the thorniest subjects in the entire motorcycle apparel business; namely, how to make sure you get the perfect-fitting motorcycle helmet. In this video, Chris tackles a number of issues that are very rarely raised in motorcycle shops. 

For whatever reason, most motorcycle shops don’t want to get too involved in detailed discussions about how helmets should fit. There are, in all probability, a number of reasons for this. In some cases, it comes down to a lack of knowledge; a surprising number of people serving in motorcycle shops simply know very little about how a helmet should fit. Some, let’s face it, are just too darned lazy to care. More shockingly, we have learned, some shops don’t want to get involved because, if there’s a problem down the road, they don’t want to be implicated!

We take a different view, and we enjoy sharing with our customers whatever knowledge we have on a particular subject. And so Chris tells us why a good fit is so important. He talks about what constitutes a good fit. He explains why your 58cm. head measure is only a starting point, and shows us why the really important issue is matching the shape of your head to a helmet that mirrors it.

He tells you how to test for a good fit, and what to look for. Of course, the shape of your cranium is one dimension, but he goes on to explain that the other consideration is the shape of your face, because again all our faces are different.

He finishes off his dissertation by showing how the best brand, as far as customising the fit is concerned, is Shoei. It only takes a matter of seconds to remove a headliner and a set of cheek pads, and given this he wonders why most retailers don’t offer their customers this free service.

The bottom line is that this is not rocket science. The theory is pretty straightforward. Motorcyclists need to understand how it all works, and be prepared to put comfort and safety before considerations of colour and style. You then need merely to find a retailer that has the confidence, the determination, and importantly the equipment, to make a helmet fit your head. 

This is not one of Chris’s shortest videos but, from a safety and protection standpoint, it might just be the most important subject he has tackled. If you can afford to spend some time listening to what he has to say, you’ll come out the other end knowing more than you did. When you next buy a helmet, you’ll know what you need to do to avoid getting a crippling headache, and how to make sure you are as comfortable and well protected as you possibly can be.

But put the kettle on. Halfway through, you’re probably going to need a cuppa!


We think you may like the following article we wrote before the one above too.





We always thought we knew a thing or two about motorcycle gear, but since we’ve had the shop here in Guildford, and have had to meet our customers face-to-face, we’ve learned such a lot. Not so much about the technical side; more about the intricacies of fit, what is important to people, what makes them uncomfortable, and what works on the bike.

We’ve also come to realise that a lot of motorcyclists, even the experienced ones; in fact, sometimes even more so the experienced ones, don’t really know how gear is meant to be worn, and how it is meant to fit.

People pick up bad habits, get used to wearing stuff the wrong way, and have sometimes taken as gospel something some geezer told them 20 years ago in a bike shop. If that chap knew what he was on about back then, his advice almost certainly doesn’t apply today.

One of the things that brought this home to me was the conviction that some people have about their helmet size. Having run a tape measure around their head, they will sometimes tell us with great conviction that they are always a 57, for example, or a 62.

They take the view that a helmet size is like a shoe size, and that one 56 helmet will fit the same as another. Unfortunately, it’s not like that in the helmet business. Every head is different, and sometimes you will take a different size even in helmets made by the same brand. But with a degree of certainty we can tell you that a 56 in a Shoei simply won’t fit the same as a 56 in a Schuberth.

Here in the shop we have a device for measuring a head at exactly the position it should be measured; but even this is little more than a rough guide; a starting point, as it were.

And that’s because one head that measures 58 can be very different to another. If you have a perfectly round skull you might well fit passably into most 58 helmets, although of course some 58 helmets are 57/58, whilst others might be 58/59; enough to make a difference.


Uvex head measuring device


This device looks as though it was designed for ritual torture; it’s actually the best way to get an accurate head measurement. But that number is nothing more than a jumping-off point. The real work has not yet begun.


A helmet that is too loose, by contrast, can end up being noisy. If it’s way too loose, it might even be dangerous.

But if you have a head that is significantly longer from front to back than it is from side to side, you might need to go to a 59 or 60 to avoid it being painful on the forehead. In doing so, though, you may well find that you need to put in thicker cheek pads to make up for the fact that it may be a little generous on the width front. A slightly thinner headlining might, of course, potentially prevent you from needing to go to a larger helmet.

Of course, different helmet brands fit slightly differently, and it may well be that if an Arai doesn’t fit you well, a Shoei or a Shark might. But this notwithstanding, what is important to us is that a helmet has the facility for us to fit different thicknesses of head lining and cheek pad.

If somebody has a ‘pear-shaped’ face we may need to fit thicker cheekpads. But If somebody has a fuller face, we may need to do exactly the opposite, and fit thinner ones.

Here at Motolegends, we like customers to leave the shop with a helmet that fits the way it is meant to. A helmet that doesn’t can be uncomfortable, and certainly one that is too tight can create a crippling headache.

The shell is of Shoei’s legendary AIM construction, meaning that it is made from an array of carbon and organic fibres. Shoei uses the same composition for its race lids, but this does not mean that the Neotec 2 is lightweight; it’s not. With all the mechanical components that are needed in a flip-lid, the Neotec 2 weighs in at 1750 grammes; that’s about 30 more than the Schuberth.

One of the big differences between the Shoei and the Schuberth is that the former is both P and J rated, meaning it can also be worn legally in the open position. In truth, we’re not sure that this means a whole lot. You would only ever want to ride with it open in an urban situation, and given that so many police riders wear their C3s open when they’re in town, we can’t see it’s a huge deal.

The venting on the Shoei is excellent. There’s a chin vent on the front to help with de-misting, and a sliding vent on the crown. When they’re open, you can feel the air in the helmet, but it doesn’t seem to increase noise levels markedly when you do so. There are also two exhaust vents at the rear to aid the airflow.


Motorcycle helmet cheekpads


If a helmet doesn’t come with changeable cheekpads, it tells us the manufacturer is not particularly serious about the getting its products to fit comfortably and safely.


Now sometimes you can put a helmet on, and it will fit perfectly; not too tight in the crown, a bit ‘chipmunky’ in the cheeks. And if a helmet works right out of the box, nobody is more delighted than we are.

But more often than not, we have found, we will want to make adjustments. The majority of bike clothing shops don’t want to do this. It simply takes too much time, and for no extra financial return. It is for this reason that, by and large, most retailers don’t hold differently-sized head linings and cheek pads in stock.

The better-known helmet manufacturers do usually offer this option. But even the most prestigious brands will normally only offer replacements for the standard cheek pads that fit into the different sized helmets. A Small helmet might have a 20mm cheekpads, whereas the Medium could have a 25mm, for example. But if you want to change the pads in a new helmet, the choice will be quite limited, and you would nearly always be expected to pay for the replacements.

Which may explain why we have become somewhat evangelical about Shoei’s helmets.

Shoei does things differently. Whereas some of the manufacturers achieve different sizing by putting thicker or thinner cheek pads in a given helmet shell, Shoei designs its helmets so that, with few exceptions, every size of helmet in the range takes a standard 35mm cheek pad and a 9mm head lining.

It means that, on every model, and in just about every size, you have the option of making the head-fit looser or tighter, and the same on the cheeks.

No other manufacturer out there offers anywhere near such micro adjustability. It’s why we reckon that we can make 99% of people comfortable in a Shoei.


Shoei Neotec 2 helmet internals


In recent years, we have become huge Shoei fans. We think the quality of their manufacture is outstanding. But it is the ability to custom-fit a Shoei with different cheekpads and headliners that really puts clear blue water between Shoei and all the other makers.


Whilst we’re on the subject of helmet fit, there are just one or two urban myths that we wish to address.

The first is that there is such a thing as an ‘Arai’ shaped head, or a ‘Shoei’ head, or a ‘Schuberth’ head. We have lost count of the number of people who have come into the shop declaring that they have, for example, an Arai-shaped head, and that they always have been, and always will be, a Medium in an Arai.

These individuals show us perhaps the power our unconscious minds can exert over our actions.

If you tell yourself often enough that you have an Arai head, you perhaps come to believe it, and this self affirmation might just be enough to convince someone that a helmet fits well when the reality might just be that it doesn’t.

We can be pretty confident that this goes on because Arai, for example, has significantly changed its sizing many times over the last five to 10 years. What constituted an Arai fit 20 years ago has little resemblance to an Arai fit today. Yet the myth persists. The bottom line is this, however. Nobody has an Arai head, any more than they have a Shoei head, a Shark head or a Bell head.

There’s only one way to make sure that you get a helmet that fits properly, and that’s to visit a shop and try it on.

You want to go to the kind of specialist shop that has the commitment to make sure that its clothing fits properly, the kind of shop that has the knowledge and patience to get it right. But importantly, when it comes to helmets, they need to be the kind of dealer that carries on its shelves all the available internal liners.

The problem is that most dealers don’t. And that’s because, on just one helmet model, say the Shoei JO, there are more than 40 changeable internal parts.

We’re an internet company; we sell a lot of helmets online and, of course, it is possible to get a helmet that fits well if you’re buying from a web-based company. Visiting a shop to get the right size before you buy online might help, but very few online sellers offer the option to buy different cheek pads and headliners. And none that we’ve come across offers the option to exchange them for another size for free.

The inconvenient truth when it comes to buying a crash helmet is this. A helmet is the single most important investment you’ll make when you ride a motorcycle It’s more important than the bike, the after-market exhaust, the satnav, the jackets, boots, gloves and so on.

For it to be comfortable, and more importantly safe, a helmet has to be properly fitted by somebody who knows what they’re on about. You won’t find these experts at every retailer. You won’t always even find them in a dealer whose name suggests that it specialises in helmets. And you’ll almost never find them in a dealership that also sells motorcycles!

Come and visit us, and we will always carry out a number of tests to check that a helmet fits properly. Not too tight. Not too loose. The word we like is ‘snug’. We’re still believers in the tried and trusted Police finger test, (no, not that finger test!). Push the helmet from behind in an attempt to create a gap above the eyebrows. If you cannot get a finger into that space the helmet is probably too tight. We’ll do a lateral movement test, and we’ll conduct a vertical friction test. In the latter case, if the helmet moves over the skin, the helmet is almost certainly too loose.


Motorcycle helmet fitting


Visit us, and we’ll conduct a number of tests. We’ll test for space between the forehead and the helmet. We’ll conduct a lateral movement test. And also one for vertical movement.


Personally, there aren’t that many retailers around the country we’d trust to do the job properly. We could probably count them on the fingers of one hand. We’d like to think that we’re one of that small group.

So if you’re trying a helmet on, and if it doesn’t fit quite as it should, and if it doesn’t feel quite right, ask whether they can change the fit. If they say that the helmet in question cannot be altered, ask to try on a different helmet; perhaps even a different brand. If they say that the helmet does have exchangeable parts, but that they don’t carry them, walk out and find a different retailer.

Quite simply, this is a decision that’s too important to take lightly. There’s nothing more distracting than a helmet that isn’t comfortable, nothing more painful than a helmet that is too tight, and nothing more dangerous than a helmet that doesn’t fit safely.

We know that it can be tempting to buy a helmet because its paint job matches your bike, but frankly that’s not the smartest way to buy what is, in effect, a highly important piece of safety equipment. Talk to somebody in the shop. Tell them what you ride, when you ride, and how you ride. And then let them make a recommendation. And once you’ve worked out the type and style of helmet you need, be guided by the three most important considerations: fit, fit and fit!

None of this is rocket science, but it really is worth taking a little time to get right.

Are you asking what motorcycle helmet should I choose? Read this: How to choose a motorcycle helmet.




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